The breed known today as the Bulldog or English Bulldog is not he same as the Bulldog of the 18th and 19th centuries. The earlier bulldog strain is the ancestor of both the modern Pit Bull breed and the modern Bulldog, but was more similiar to today's Pit Bull than today's Bulldog.When English immigrants came to America, they brought with them their sport and their dogs. By the mid 1800's dog fighting had a solid following in America. With the migration west, Bulldogs once again found themselves called upon to do the toughest jobs. They served as all purpose farm and guard dogs (still do), protecting families and stock from fierce wildlife, rampaging cattle and vermin. Many also served as hunting dogs, holding their own against bears, wolves and sometimes a buffalo. Once again the Bulldog underwent a change- this time into a larger dog that could best serve these important functions. This variety of purpose is resposible for the great range in size of today's Pit Bull's.
Pitbulls are healthy critters! Hearty and robust with a high tolerance for pain and quick healing, your A.P.B.T. should seldom show signs of sickness. With Pitbulls most of the dangerous diseases are preventable through vaccinations, and other problems avoided through good nutrition, adequate housing, cleanliness, regular brushing and daily exercise. There are no common ailments.
Brigitte and Bill Mann - www.mannspits.homestead.comÿ
Due to the thick double coat it is difficult to properly brush this dog if it is not done regularly. A through brushing at least once a week willÿsuffice until shedding season, at which time your dog will need a quick brushing once a day to remove theÿever growingÿamount of dead hair. If you only brush the top of the dog, they will be matted in the underarms, behind the ears, and the stomach.ÿA slicker brush and a metal comb are recommened tools. Regular nail trimming and bathing are required. Brushing must be done before and after bathing to prevent drain colgging and also matting of the dog. Blow drying is 100% nessicary to prevent hot spots or other skin infections.
There are no major concerns within the breed but some things to keep an eye on: Hot spots (if they occur), Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Fleas under their thick coat which could cause dermatitis.
The Mahlemut has a double coat. The guard coat is thick and coarse, not long or soft. The undercoat is dense, oily and woolly. This dog requires ongoing brushing to keep it mat and dirt free. Its color is usually a shade of gray running to black or reddish sable. The Malamute always has a white under body, with white markings on the legs, feet and part of the mask.
Hip Dysplasia, Dwarfism, Auto-Immune, Epilepsy
The Akita has a double coat, whose topcoat is straight, coarse and standing somewhat out from body. It can be any color including brindle, white (no mask) and pinto. The undercoat is soft, very dense and shorter. Its face and ears are nicely contoured and covered with soft fine hair. Weekly brushing is required to keep this coat dirt free and healthy.
The coat is coarse, dense and wiry, lying close to body on the skull, neck, back and tail and is black and tan in color. The hair on the foreface, legs, and undercarriage is of medium length. This coat requires professional grooming to keep it manageable.
Hip Dysplasia, skin disorders.