With huge round eyes, deliberate, slow movements and folded-down ears, the owlish appearance of the Scottish Fold is unique among cats.Description:Kittens are born with straight ears; the folding does not begin until they are about two or three weeks of age. The overall impression of the Scottish Fold is roundness. The small-to-medium ears are set in a cap-like fashion on a rounded skull, and are folded forward and downward. A smaller, tightly-folded ear is preferable to a loose fold and large ears. The large, round eyes are separated by a broad nose. Rounded, full cheeks and muzzle add to the desired full look. In profile, there is a slight stop.The semi-cobby body is medium-sized, well padded and even from the shoulder to the hips. The body and the medium to short legs are medium boned with sturdy muscles. The tail is tapered and should be no shorter than two-thirds the length of the body and must be flexible. The longer, tapering tail is preferred. The dense and resilient coat is either short or semi-long. In the Longhair Scottish Fold, the coat should be semi-long and dense and should stand away from the body.
This is a new breed that began as a spontaneous mutation discovered in 1961 when a white kitten with folded-down ears was born on a farm in Scotland. This kitten, named Susie, later had kittens and two in the litter had folded ears as well. One of Susie's daughters, named Snooks, had a litter with a white male with folded ears. This was the beginning of the Scottish Fold breeding program.The gene causing the folding of the ears was a non-lethal mutation, a single dominant gene (possibly an incomplete dominant). The responsible gene appears to manifest itself in the cartilage in the ears and may affect cartilage development elsewhere in the body. There is considerable controversy about the breeding of Folds. Some breeders believe that breeding together two folded-ear adults may lead to kittens with other abnormalities such as gnarling of the feet, a condition resembling arthritis, or cartilage growth around the joints which makes it difficult for the Fold to walk. Breeders have found that if the tail is short and stiff, this may be evidence of stiffening in other parts of the cat's body. Some breeders, however, believe these concerns to be unfounded and claim they have bred Fold-eared adults together with no adverse effects.Choice of outcross is, of course, important for healthy kittens. The breed has been established by crosses to British Shorthairs and domestic cats in Scotland and England. In America the outcrosses are Exotic, American and British Shorthairs. The British Shorthair outcross produces a denser coat and rounder eyes.
Scottish Folds are very sweet, gentle, quiet cats. They make no demands on life, other than to be close to the people they love.
Southern Alberta Cat Fanciers - Rene Copeland